This study from the department of Osteopathic Manipulative Medicine, New York Institute of Technology College of Osteopathic Medicine tested whether new-onset impairments (NOI) of neurological functions identified by Immediate Post-Concussion Assessment and Cognitive Testing (ImPACT) will improve more so after osteopathic manipulative medicine (OMM) than after concussion-education.

College athletes presenting to the outpatient academic healthcare center (AHCC) with concussion due to head injury within the preceding 2 weeks were recruited for this IRB-approved, randomized, single-blinded trial. Consented men and women were randomized into two groups:

  • the verum group received two OMM treatments;
  • the control group received two concussion-education sessions.

Preseason, Baseline, ImPACT was compared to Post-Injury scores to determine NOI. Baseline, Post-Injury, and Post-Interventions ImPACTs were compared by analysis of variance (ANOVA, α≤0.05). Post-Injury correlations and mean changes in King-Devick (KD) scores were analyzed.

Post-Injury NOI were found in 77.8% (14/18) men and 85.7% (6/7) women, including ImPACT subscore indices for verbal and visual memory, processing speed (PS), and reaction time (RT). Of those with NOI, mean visual memory recovered by 50.0% following one and by 104.9% (p=0.032) following two OMM treatments in men and by 82.8% (p=0.046) following one treatment in women. Following two interventions, the mean RT in men receiving OMM improved by 0.10 more than education (p=0.0496). The effect sizes of OMM were large (Cohen’s d=1.33) on visual memory and small (Cohen’s d=0.31) on RT.

The authors concluded that NOI in visual memory and RT following concussion significantly improved in the OMM group compared to the education group. Integrating OMM utilizing physical exam and this treatment was a safe individualized approach in athletes with acute uncomplicated concussions. Further research is warranted to improve the utilization of OMM for individuals with concussion.

What the abstract does not tell you is that the two groups were extremely small and that they became even smaller, as some patients were lost to follow-up.

In addition, the results were all over the place.

Furthermore, it is noteworthy that neither the therapists nor the patients were blinded and the observation period was short. Finally, the authors state in their conclusions that OMM is safe. Considering the sample size and the attrition rate (perhaps all those patients lost to follow-up died?), this is of course ridiculously wishful thinking.

So, what can we conclude from this study? I don’t know about you, but I conclude that the department of Osteopathic Manipulative Medicine, New York Institute of Technology College of Osteopathic Medicine could do with a good science teacher.

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