It has been shown repeatedly that a ‘conspiracy mentality’ is associated with usage of alternative medicine. But perhaps alternative medicine is itself a conspiracy theory in disguise?
One of the questions I invariably get after a public lecture is the one about alternative medicine being the victim of some sort of sinister plot. This notion can take various shapes and forms:
- The scientific establishment prevents the public from fully benefitting from the effects of alternative medicine.
- The pharmaceutical industry suppresses the good news about alternative treatments.
- The funding agencies refuse to fund research into alternative medicine.
- The media are bent on defaming alternative medicine.
- The regulators do not allow alternative medicine to thrive as much as it would deserve.
- The medical profession is afraid that the benefits of alternative medicine become better known.
I could go on, but I am sure you get the picture.
The amazing thing is that I hear such arguments not just from fanatic proponents of alternative medicine, but also from more reasonable people. These sentiments seem to be entirely common and seemingly logical arguments. Most people I meet seem to believe them at least to some degree.
Having heard them so often, I do wonder: Can one explain alternative medicine as a conspiracy theory?
A conspiracy theory is an erroneous and often difficult to falsify notion that tries to explain a set of circumstances as the result of a secret plot by usually powerful conspirators, while ignoring obvious alternative explanations. The very concept of alternative medicine assumes that there are valuable therapies that conventional healthcare does not allow in its realm.
The reasons for the secret plot that prevents them to be included in conventional healthcare are rarely named by enthusiasts of alternative medicine. So, what are they?
- Professional jealousy?
- Financial interests?
- Lack of interest?
- Lack of caring?
According to proponents of alternative medicine who I have asked, they consist of a mixture of all of these possibilities. And all of these possibilities are, in a way, consistent with alternative medicine being based on a conspiracy theory.
When I ask people why they believe in these theories, they cannot produce any solid evidence for their beliefs. This does not surprise me because, as far as I can see, there is no evidence to support them: they are erroneous. In turn, this means that one important criterium for conspiracy theory is being met.
Another characteristic of conspiracy theories is that they cannot easily been proven to be false. None of the above-listed reasons are, in fact, difficult to falsify.
A final characteristic of conspiracy theories is that its proponents are ignoring obvious alternative explanations.
WHY ARE ALTERNATIVE THERAPIES NOT ADMITTED INTO THE REALM OF CONVENTIONAL MEDICINE?
Simply because they are not supported by sufficiently strong evidence for generating more good than harm.
So, yes, to some extent alternative medicine even is a conspiracy theory in disguise.